Crazy Textiles

by Sanae Naito
tenugui: a traditional multipurpose textile for everyday life

The tenugui has a rich history, arguably as old as Japanese textiles themselves. These long, reusable cloths made of cotton are used in Japan for everything from wraps for carrying lunch boxes, gift wrapping, hand towels, table dressings, headbands, wall hangings and more. In addition to household uses, they are often worn around the head or neck for protection from the sun, cold, or dust, and are commonly seen at Japanese festivals as part of traditional attire.

Although tenugui date back much farther, they became widespread amongst all classes of Japanese society during the Edo Period (1603 - 1867) when cotton became widely available. As dyeing techniques advanced, colors and designs became more elaborate, making tenugui the perfect fashion accessory draped over the shoulder or tucked under the collar of a kimono. Their utilitarian quality was also embraced as they were handy as washcloths, handkerchiefs, shoe liners, headbands, and even tourniquets. It was not uncommon for merchants, sumo wrestlers, kabuki actors, and rakugo performers to have their own tenugui printed and handed out like business cards, and to this day, they are still designed as souvenirs to commemorate special events and often exchanged as gifts in Japan. 

Authentic, chusen-dyed tenugui

chusen: Artisan technique with over 100 years of history

The art of chusen dyeing has many techniques well-suited to creating multicolored patterns and gradients. For example, in one typical process called sashiwake-zome, artisans create patterns by using resist paste to dye-proof the fabric and make dye-banks. Dye is then poured around the resist paste. As a result, each fabric has slight variations, characteristic of hand-dyeing. Other important aspects of chusen technique include both sides of the fabric being dyed thoroughly with bright colors all the way through, and fascinating, multicolored blends, blotches, and gradations created as a result of the artisan's technique. 

crazy textiles by sanae naito

Tokyo-based studio Crazy Textiles is a brand by textile artist and educator Sanae Naito. Naito specializes in chusen dyeing and conducts research on textiles and design related to traditional dye techniques. She is also active in the revitalization of traditional dye techniques with a focus on chusen dyeing. Crazy Texiles’ tenugui are designed and directed by her, and dyed at studios that practice authentic chusen techniques.